Keyword: feedback
Paper Title Other Keywords Page
MOC01 Regenerative Amplifier FEL - from IR to X-Rays FEL, cavity, undulator, electron 20
 
  • D.C. Nguyen, P.M. Anisimov, C.E. Buechler, Q.R. Marksteiner, R.L. Sheffield
    LANL, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA
 
  The Regenerative Amplifier FEL (RAFEL) feeds back a small fraction of the radiation exiting a high-gain undulator as the seed for the next pass, and achieves narrow linewidth and saturation in a few passes. For the IR RAFEL, we used an optical cavity with annular mirrors to reinject ~10% of the IR radiation back into a two-meter undulator [1]. Since then, a number of researchers have proposed RAFEL and XFELO to achieve full temporal coherence in VUV and X-ray FELs [2-5]. For the XFELO, symmetric Bragg backscattering off high-quality diamond crystals can provide very high reflectivity for the XFELO cavity [6]. The required reflectivity for a RAFEL feedback cavity is much lower than the XFELO. We show that 6% feedback is sufficient for the X-ray RAFEL at 9.8 keV to saturate and achieve 0.5-eV bandwidth. We discuss options to out-couple more than ~50% of the RAFEL intra-cavity power and discuss challenges associated with X-ray absorption in the out-coupler.
[1] D. Nguyen et al. NIMA 429 125 (1999)
[2] B. Faatz et al. NIMA A429 424 (1999)
[3] Z. Huang et al. PRL 96 144801 (2006)
[4] B.W.J. McNeil et al. NJP 9 239 (2007)
[5] G. Marcus et al. FEL17 MOP061 (2017)
[6] K. Kim et al. PRL 100 244802 (2008)
 
slides icon Slides MOC01 [1.260 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-FEL2019-MOC01  
About • paper received ※ 21 August 2019       paper accepted ※ 28 August 2019       issue date ※ 05 November 2019  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
TUP021 Development of Powerful Long-Pulse Terahertz Band FELs Based on Linear Induction Accelerators electron, FEL, simulation, radiation 91
 
  • V.Yu. Zaslavsky, N.S. Ginzburg, A. Malkin, N.Yu. Peskov, A. Sergeev
    IAP/RAS, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
  • A.V. Arzhannikov, E.S. Sandalov, S.L. Sinitsky, D.I. Skovorodin, A.A. Starostenko
    BINP SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia
 
  Funding: This work was supported by the Russian Scientific Foundation (RSCF), grant No. 19-12-00212.
The paper is devoted to development of high-power long-pulse THz-band FELs based on new generation of linear induction accelerators which have been elaborated recently at Budker Institute (Novosibirsk). These accelerators generate microsecond electron beams with current at kA-level and energy of 2 to 5 MeV (with a possibility to increase electrons energy up to 20 MeV). Based on this beam, we initiated a new project of multi-MW long-pulse FEL operating in the frequency range of 1 to 10 THz using a wiggler period of 3 to 6 cm. For this FEL oscillator, we suggest a hybrid planar two-mirror resonator consisting of an upstream highly selective advanced Bragg reflector and a downstream weakly reflecting conventional Bragg reflector. Simulations demonstrate that the advanced Bragg reflector based on coupling of propagating and quasi-cutoff waves ensures the mode control at the values of the gap between the corrugated plates forming such resonator up to 20 wavelengths. Simulations of the FEL driven by electron beam generated by the LIU’2 in the frame of both averaged approach and 3D PIC code demonstrate that the THz radiation power can reach the level of 10 to 20 MW.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-FEL2019-TUP021  
About • paper received ※ 28 August 2019       paper accepted ※ 28 August 2019       issue date ※ 05 November 2019  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
WEP009 Long Term Stability and Slow Feedback Performance at the European XFEL FEL, operation, undulator, linac 339
 
  • R. Kammering
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  The European XFEL is now routinely running in user operation since more than two years. Up to 8 longitudinal and 9 transversal slow feedback loops are routinely used to keep the accelerators chosen operation conditions. First tests of comparing the machine ’free-floating’ state versus fully fixing all relevant monitoring signals have been carried out and show interesting results. Here we will review the feedback systems in terms of software architecture and conceptual layout but also in respect to feedback and FEL performance.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-FEL2019-WEP009  
About • paper received ※ 20 August 2019       paper accepted ※ 29 August 2019       issue date ※ 05 November 2019  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
WEP010 Femtosecond Laser-to-RF Synchronization and RF Reference Distribution at the European XFEL laser, FEL, FEM, linac 343
 
  • T. Lamb, M. Felber, T. Kozak, J. Müller, H. Schlarb, S. Schulz, C. Sydlo, M. Titberidze, F. Zummack
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  At the European XFEL, optical pulses from a mode-locked laser are distributed in an optical fiber network providing femtosecond stability throughout the accelerator facility. Due to the large number of RF reference clients and because of the expected higher reliability, the 1.3 GHz RF reference signals are distributed by a conventional coaxial RF distribution system. However, the provided ultra-low phase noise 1.3 GHz RF reference signals may drift over time. To remove these drifts, an optical reference module (REFM-OPT) has been developed to detect and correct environmentally induced phase errors of the RF reference. It uses a femtosecond long-term stable laser-to-RF phase detector, based on an integrated Mach-Zehnder amplitude modulator (MZM), to measure and resynchronize the RF phase with respect to the laser pulses from the optical synchronization system with high accuracy. Currently nine REFM-OPTs are permanently operated at the European XFEL, delivering femtosecond stable RF reference signals for critical accelerating field control stations. The operation experience will be reported together with a detailed evaluation of the REFM-OPT performance.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-FEL2019-WEP010  
About • paper received ※ 20 August 2019       paper accepted ※ 28 August 2019       issue date ※ 05 November 2019  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
WEP011 Longitudinal Intra-Train Beam-Based Feedback at FLASH cavity, controls, laser, electron 346
 
  • S. Pfeiffer, L. Butkowski, M.K. Czwalinna, B. Dursun, C. Gerth, B. Lautenschlager, H. Schlarb, Ch. Schmidt
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  The longitudinal intra-train beam-based feedback has been recommissioned after major upgrades on the synchronization system of the FLASH facility. Those upgrades include: new bunch arrival time monitors (BAMs), the optical synchronization system accommodating the latest European XFEL design based on PM fibers, and installation of a small broadband normal conducting RF cavity. The cavity is located prior to the first bunch compressor at FLASH and allows energy modulation bunch-by-bunch (1 us spacing) on the per mille range. Through the energy dependent path length of the succeeding magnetic chicane the cavity is used for ultimate bunch arrival time corrections. Recently the RF cavity operated 1 kW pulsed solid-state amplifier was successfully commissioned. First tests have been carried out incorporating the fast cavity as actuator together with SRF stations for larger corrections in our intra-train beam-based feedback pushing now arrival time stabilities towards 5 fs (rms). The latest results and observed residual instabilities are presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-FEL2019-WEP011  
About • paper received ※ 20 August 2019       paper accepted ※ 17 September 2019       issue date ※ 05 November 2019  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
WEP013 Fast Kicker System for European XFEL Beam Distribution kicker, FEL, flattop, septum 353
 
  • F. Obier, W. Decking, M. Hüning, J. Wortmann
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  A special feature of the European XFEL X-ray laser is the possibility to distribute the electron bunches of one beam pulse to different free-electron laser (FEL) beam-lines. This is achieved through a combination of kickers and a Lambertson DC septum. The integration of a beam abort dump allows a flexible selection of the bunch pattern at the FEL experiment, while the superconducting linear accelerator operates with constant beam loading. The driver linac of the FEL can deliver up to 600 µs long bunch trains with a repetition rate of 10 Hz and a maximum energy of 17.5 GeV. The FEL process poses very strict requirements on the stability of the beam position and hence on all upstream magnets. It was therefore decided to split the beam distribution system into two kicker systems, long pulse kickers with very stable amplitude (flat-top) and relatively slow pulses and fast stripline kickers with moderate stability but very fast pulses. This contribution gives a brief overview of the fast kicker system.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-FEL2019-WEP013  
About • paper received ※ 20 August 2019       paper accepted ※ 27 August 2019       issue date ※ 05 November 2019  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
WEP037 RF Jitter and Electron Beam Stability in the SwissFEL Linac FEL, linac, klystron, booster 400
 
  • Z.G. Geng, J. Alex, V.R. Arsov, P. Craievich, C.H. Gough, R. Kalt, T. Lippuner, F. Löhl, M. Pedrozzi, E. Prat, S. Reiche
    PSI, Villigen PSI, Switzerland
 
  The X-ray FEL machine SwissFEL at the Paul Scherrer Institut in Switzerland is commissioned and transiting to user operation smoothly. FEL operation requires stringent requirements for the beam stability at the linac output, such as the electron bunch arrival time, peak current and energy. Among other things, a highly stable RF system is required to guarantee the beam stability. The SwissFEL RF system is designed based on the state-of-the-art technologies that have allowed achieving excellent RF stability. The propagation of RF amplitude and phase jitter to the electron beam are analyzed theoretically and compared with the measurements performed at SwissFEL.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-FEL2019-WEP037  
About • paper received ※ 20 August 2019       paper accepted ※ 27 August 2019       issue date ※ 05 November 2019  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
THP061 Bayesian Optimisation for Fast and Safe Parameter Tuning of SwissFEL FEL, target, undulator, controls 707
 
  • J. Kirschner, A. Krause, M. Mutný, M. Nonnenmacher
    ETH, Zurich, Switzerland
  • A. Adelmann, N. Hiller, R. Ischebeck
    PSI, Villigen PSI, Switzerland
 
  Parameter tuning is a notoriously time-consuming task in accelerator facilities. As tool for global optimization with noisy evaluations, Bayesian optimization was recently shown to outperform alternative methods. By learning a model of the underlying function using all available data, the next evaluation can be chosen carefully to find the optimum with as few steps as possible and without violating any safety constraints. However, the per-step computation time increases significantly with the number of parameters and the generality of the approach can lead to slow convergence on functions that are easier to optimize. To overcome these limitations, we divide the global problem into sequential subproblems that can be solved efficiently using safe Bayesian optimization. This allows us to trade off local and global convergence and to adapt to additional structure in the objective function. Further, we provide slice-plots of the function as user feedback during the optimization. We showcase how we use our algorithm to tune up the FEL output of SwissFEL with up to 40 parameters simultaneously, and reach convergence within reasonable tuning times in the order of 30 minutes (< 2000 steps).  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-FEL2019-THP061  
About • paper received ※ 13 August 2019       paper accepted ※ 27 August 2019       issue date ※ 05 November 2019  
Export • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)