Author: Kim, J.
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WEP030 All-Fiber Photonic, Ultralow-Noise, Robust Optical and Microwave Signal Generators for FELs and UED 382
  • J. Kim, I.J. Jeon, D. Kim, D. Kwon
    KAIST, Daejeon, Republic of Korea
  Funding: National Research Foundation of Korea (2018R1A2B3001793) and Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute
Optical timing and synchronization is becoming a more important and essential element for ultrafast X-ray and electron science. As a result, compact, ultralow-noise, mechanically robust and long-term stable optical and microwave signal generators are highly desirable for future XFELs and UEDs. Here we show that the combination of mode-locked fiber laser and fiber delay-based stabilization method enables the generation of ultralow-noise optical and microwave signals. We show that all-PM fiber lasers can provide excellent mechanical robustness: stable laser operation over >1 hour is maintained even in continuous 1.5 g vibrations [1]. Using a compactly packaged fiber delay as the timing reference, we could stabilize the repetition-rate phase noise of mode-locked lasers down to -100 dBc/Hz and -160 dBc/Hz at 1 Hz and 10 kHz offset frequency, respectively, at 1 GHz carrier, which corresponds to only 1.4 fs rms absolute timing jitter [1 Hz - 100 kHz] [2]. With DDS-based electronics, low-noise and agile microwave frequency synthesizer was also realized [3]. This new class of photonic signal generator will be suitable for master oscillators in various accelerator-based light sources.
[1] D. Kim et al., Opt. Lett. 44, 1068 (2019)
[2] D. Kwon et al., Opt. Lett. 42, 5186 (2017)
[3] J. Wei et al., Photon. Res. 6, 12 (2018)
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About • paper received ※ 05 September 2019       paper accepted ※ 22 October 2019       issue date ※ 05 November 2019  
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WEP031 Timing Synchronization Activities for Drift-Free Operation of Ultrafast Electron Diffraction System at KAERI 385
  • J. Shin, J. Kim
    KAIST, Daejeon, Republic of Korea
  • I.H. Baek, Y.U. Jeong, H.W. Kim, K. Oang, S. Park
    KAERI, Daejon, Republic of Korea
  Funding: This work is funded by KAERI (Grant number: 525350-19)
Precise timing synchronization of an ultrafast electron diffraction facility is essential requirement for femtosecond resolution structure analysis. Recent studies of THz-based electron deflectors have enabled the timing drift measurement between ultrafast electrons and an optical pump beam with few femtosecond resolution [1]. In this work, we will introduce timing synchronization activities to suppress the drift of an electron beam. As timing drift of the electron beam originates from every sub-element, each timing drift contribution from RF transfer, RF-to-optical synchronization, and optical amplification is measured. Timing drift of RF transfer through coaxial cable, which exposed to temperature fluctuation, is actively stabilized from 2 ps to 50 fs by active feedback loop. Further additive drift from RF-to-optical synchronization is maintained below 100 fs. Also optical drift due to the regenerative amplifier, measured by optical correlator, is maintained below 20 fs over an hour. This work allows ultrafast electron diffraction system to operate with less drift correction procedure and increased user availability.
[1] H. Yang et al., "10-fs-level synchronization of photocathode laser with RF-oscillator for ultrafast electron and X-ray sources", Sci. Rep. 7, 39966 (2017).
DOI • reference for this paper ※  
About • paper received ※ 24 August 2019       paper accepted ※ 25 August 2019       issue date ※ 05 November 2019  
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